What is Alpha(α) Pinene
Turpentine is a volatile oil, which also the raw material of both beta- and alpha-pinene. Turpentine is extracted from pine wood after being cooked in the kraft paper-making process. Turpentine is separated from mixture of water and turpentine and then distilled into volatile compounds without commercial value, 58-65% alpha-pinene, and 30% beta-pinene.
Both isomers of pinene (alpha and beta) are made from the same starting materials. Firstly, geranyl pyrophosphate is converted to linaloyl pyrophosphate. After which, linaloyl pyrophosphate undergoes a cyclization event to form a six-membered ring. This intermediate reacts rapidly with itself to form an intramolecular four-membered ring. Upon forming both rings, there will be a loss of a hydrogen ion and depending on the location of the hydrogen ion, it can either give us beta or alpha pinene.
The Uses of Alpha(α) Pinene
Alpha(α)-Pinene is an organic compound of the terpene class, one of two isomers of pinene. It is an alkene and it contains a reactive four-membered ring. It is found in the oils of many species of many coniferous trees, notably the pine. Both enantiomers are known in nature; 1S,5S- or (−)-α-pinene is commoner in European pines, whereas the 1R,5R- or (+)-α-isomer is commoner in North America. The racemic mixture is present in some oils such as eucalyptus oil.
It is used as a food additives and acts as a flavoring agent. Alpha pinene gives pine-like taste and odor. It is used to daily flavor of bergamot, bay leave and other edible flavor. Acting as a flavor ingredient for oral care, it is frequently employed in the preparation of perfumes and cosmetics.
Alpha pinene is used as a bronchodilator for human and also have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties and is used in the treatment of skin diseases such as eczema and other skin ailments. It is a main component of many essential oils which are used to prepare mouthwashes, cold and chest ointments, etc.
Alpha pinene is used as the starting material for the synthesis of terpene resin, synthetic plastics, synthetic lubricant and in aromatic chemicals such as camphene, etc. These derivatives obtained are used for the preparation of fragrances, food additive for flavoring, lubricants, adhesives etc.
They are strong disinfectant, sanitizers and deodorizers. Their fresh pine fragrance kills odor producing fungi and bacteria and neutralizes unpleasant odor. Alpha pinene disinfectant is ideal to refresh washrooms areas, toilets, rubbish bins, sports equipment as they contain a synergistic blend of biocides.
|CAS NO.||: 80-56-8|
|MOL WT.||: 136.24|
|H.S. CODE||: 29021900|
|SYNONYMS||: -2-Pinene; -alpha-Pinene|
|MELTING POINT||: −64˚ C (209 K)|
|BOILING POINT||: 155˚ C (428 K|
|SPECIFIC GRAVITY||: 0.858 g/mL, liquid at 20˚ C|
|SOLUBILITY IN WATER||: Very low|
|APPERANCE||: Colorless to pale yellow liquid|
|Refractive Index, @ n20/D||: 1.464-1.474|
|Relative Density, @ d20/4||: 0.855-0.870|
|Acid Value, mgKOH/g||: ≤ 0.5|